Essay Writing Help on Computer Information System

Computer Information System

The post-PC era refers to a period through which information systems for managers are
being applied to change how people work, interact, communicate, and conduct business.
The pre-PC era lacked collaborative evolution, innovation and productivity to
increase business agility. More so, financial planning and application of
flexible and centrally managed as well as maintained applications was lacking. Thus,
post-PC era has introduced cloud computing to deliver high quality and secured
business experiences. It ensures managers can manage business operations and
functions consistently while improving security and virtualization. Post-PC era
includes videoconferencing and use of Cisco TelePresence to coordinate
strategic plans among business ventures on daily basis. It therefore relies on
networking and incorporation of technologies to improve global business
operations and processes (Sjoerd & Nauta, 2012).

Globalization
refers integration of socioeconomic and technological processes and innovation.
This encourages growth, development and expansion of information systems to achieve
and sustain socioeconomic strategic goals. Globalization of information systems
has been fueled by various factors including decrease in telecommunication and
transportation costs. The reduced costs have enabled managers to identify
opportunities and new markets accessible in promoting new services and
products. Mangers therefore spend low wages in communicating and transporting
new commodities and services across global markets due to globalization. Outsourcing
has also fueled globalization. This is because commercial ventures conduct and
support various business functions in different global nations encouraging
innovation and expansion of technologies (Kramer, 2006).

In-sourcing
refers to provision of supply chain solutions among global business. This
encourages and supports logistic firms to integrate technological systems to avoid
cumbersome process. Consequently, errors and miscalculations likely to incur
and increase firms’ expenditures are reduced and prevented. Off-shoring refers
to firm managers setting up plants across various global nations. This has encouraged
growth, expansion and transfer of technologies supporting globalization in
order to reduce operational costs. Globalization has therefore been fueled by
virtual, personal, mobile, and digital technologies enabling interconnectivity.
Consequently, the technologies support socioeconomic and political changes as
well as development of new, better, and faster telecommunication infrastructure
systems and business models (Kramer, 2006).

There
are various issues hindering information privacy and security. Global federal government
agencies have therefore implemented security measures as guidelines to protect
and safeguard information systems. Issues hindering information privacy are
allied to phishing, as well as application of computer virus and malware to
enable identity theft and hacking. These issues have led innocent victims to lose
financial credibility, social security pin numbers, and financial assets among
other valuables. This leads to exploitation and violation of intellectual
rights. Cross organization solutions however can provide secure and reliable
measures to enhance information privacy. Foremost, computers ought to be
installed with anti-virus software tools such as Avast and Kaspersky. This
prevents hackers and identity thieves from accessing and stealing private and
confidential information. Organizations can also set up Community of Interest
groups comprising of people exchanging information through use of common
vocabularies across business processes. The groups sign a memorandum and
service-level agreements affirming they will uphold security measures
integrated to enhance information privacy. Other measures to uphold information
privacy include regular change of passwords and PIN numbers safeguarding crucial
data (Richard, Kevin, Matthew, Hart, Jim & Jessica, 2008).

The
digital divide refers to unequal access of internet coupled with imbalanced
abilities to use it. This can be attributed to lack of education in
understanding internet language and contents. It is therefore the social
stratification caused by unequal abilities among internet users to access,
adapt, and create using communication technologies and information. As a
result, digital divide is related to computer literacy.  This is because computer literacy refers to
users possessing abilities to combine computer devices to access, read and
understand internet contents. More so, they are able to integrate the learnt
skills in real life activities. Digital divide and computer literacy are
therefore related on human communication systems utilized to produce, create,
and spread knowledge learnt from the internet (Warschauer, 2004).

References

Kramer, A. E. (2006). Chapter 2: Fueling Globalization through Information Systems, New
York Times.

Richard, K., Kevin, S., Matthew,
S., Hart, R., Jim, F., & Jessica, G. (2008). Information Security: Security Considerations in the System Development
Life Cycle,
National
Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication Report, 800(64):
1-44.

Sjoerd, B., & Nauta, G. J. (2012). Cultural Heritage in the Post-Pc Era, Leiden University.

Warschauer, M. (2004). A Literacy Approach to the Digital Divide, Irvine, University of
California.

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