o Charles Horton Cooley (‘the looking-glass self”), according to Cooley the looking
glass self refers to the way the persons sense of self is derived from the
percepons of others. At the earliest stages children are dependent on others
around them for all of their needs resulng in their acons can bring to them
what they need, learn through that they have the power to in)uence others, if
they do certain things, others respond to their needs. Large part is ed up to
others view them. As people see themselves in the looking glass of others
responses (tone, gestures, responses) then that child imagines themselves
through the lives of others, senses the judgement of others, how we think others
perceive us through that they develop a feeling about themselves. Good
responses = good self-concept. For our lives our most signi7cant mirror is our
primary groups in early life- the family.
o Childs development of self, sense of self. Inially child has no concept of self,
arises from social experience. First year: spend in learning that there is another
world out there separate from child, not world and self is one.
– Gender socializaon: a sub type of general socializaon
o involves the processes through which individuals learn to become feminine and
masculine according to the expectaons current in the society. The content of
‘gender socializaon’ involves shared meanings of ‘femininity’ and ‘masculinity’
o ideas about gender socializaon aren’t just told to them, the beliefs regarding
gender in children develop in part through watching men/women demonstrate
these roles. Parents are usually 7rst source of gender learning (room decorang),
studies show that parents hold and communicate diGerence expectaons of
males and females (ex. Within 24hrs of childhood 7rst me parents with
daughters described delicate, gentle.. with sons hardy).SOCI 1001 Week 5 – Lecture notes 5 Essay.
– Secondary Socializaon: social learning that occurs aKer childhood/ adolescents. Takes
place in a bigger social works (works, schools, universies). Usually less intense. Primary
socializaon lays the base. Occurs because society changes, norms/ roles/ expectaon
changes over me and we have to learn new things.
o Ancipatory socializaon: process by which knowledge and skills are learned for
future roles. (New parents, wedding, socializaon for professional careers in
o Re-socializaon: occurs when a new roles or a new situaon requires a person to
replace established pa.erns with new pa.erns to meet new role demands. Can
be voluntary Going into university, becoming a jail guard. Involuntary we
didn’t ask for the change, becoming divorced or widowed, put in jail, can be
diBcult, painful.SOCI 1001 Week 5 – Lecture notes 5 Essay.