The classical view of punishment was fueled by the notion that offenders were evil men and women who had to be punished severely or killed for their egregious acts. It was
felt that the demons that possessed the offenders would never leave except by expiation and punishment.
As the influence of natural and social science grew, many individuals began to reexamine the widely accepted idea that crime resulted from demonic possession, free will, or
mental imbalance. Positivists took a progressive stance and began to analyze the causes of crime and punishment.
Prepare an essay (3–4 pages) on the differences between the classical and positivist approaches to punishment.
You can use the following resources to support your essay:
Classical School of Criminology Quick Reference
Classical School of Thought
Positivist School of Criminology Quick Reference
Positivist School of Thought
Use your course materials, the textbook, the Web resources, and the library to research the classical and positivist approaches to punishment.
In a Word document of 3–4 pages, address the following:
Identify 2 specific differences and 2 similarities between each perspective as it relates to punishment.
Examine 2 of the social arguments used to support both schools of thought.
Out of the 2 schools of thought, which do you agree with most?
Include 3 philosophical or social issues that could be used to support either model.
Reference all sources using APA style.
DeMelo, D. M. (n.d.). Classical school of thought. Retrieved from https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0QmECZPnLPhVkJYbGdrRmw4ZUU/view
DeMelo, D. M. (n.d.). Positivist school of thought. Retrieved from https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0QmECZPnLPhTDRGcDB6NkdncWc/view
Oxford Index. (2018). Positivist school of criminology: Overview. Retrieved from http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803100339389
Oxford Reference. (2018). Classical school of criminology: Overview. Retrieved from http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803095615832
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