Assignment Help | What is the most efficient study to test whether the drug reduces diastolic blood pressure?

Biostatistics Team Project 1 ‒ Questions

A study is conducted to test a new drug claimed to reduce diastolic blood pressure in adults with a history of coronary heart disease. What is the most efficient study to test whether the drug reduces diastolic blood pressure? Justify your answer.


An investigator wants to test whether exposure to secondhand smoke before 1 year of life is associated with development of childhood asthma (defined as asthma diagnosed before 5 years of age). Give two possible study designs and indicate the pros and cons of each. Then, provide your recommendation for the most efficient design.

True or False? The following are all examples of observational study designs:
Case-control study.
Prospective cohort study.
Cross-over trial.
Retrospective cohort study.

A study is run to estimate the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in men and women over the age of 60. Development of atrial fibrillation was monitored over a 10-year follow-up period. The data are summarized below:

Developed AF Did not Develop AF
Men 120 6453
Women 86 7074

Compute the cumulative incidence of AF in men and in women.
Compute the relative risk of AF incidence comparing men to women.
Compute the odds ratio of AF incidence comparing men and women.

A clinical trial designed to show the efficacy of a new drug in reducing progression to hypertension reports the following:

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