Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement
|Global Healthcare Issue||Reduction of cases of Overweight and obesity|
|Description||According to the WHO, obesity is one of the most visible yet an almost neglected public health concern. Being a lifestyle issue, obesity may easily result in other healthcare complications such as heart failure, diabetes and other opportunistic chronic diseases. According to the WHO, a body mass index more than 25 qualifies one to be having obesity.|
|Describe the policy in each country related to the identified healthcare issue||The US has used taxation measures as policies to promote healthier diets. An example is the $ 0.01 per ounce sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) federal excise duty. In the move, sugary drinks are subjected to higher taxes while sugar-free products have lower taxes imposed. This initiative is meant to encourage food industries to come up with products that are perceived to be healthy and hence reduce cases of obesity. The initiative also recommended banning of junk foods in school kiosks to reduce obesity among school going children (Rosenthal et al, 2017). The US has also encouraged after-school physical activity programs for school-going children to keep them away from TV and ensure they engage in physical activity. There is also a ban on child-directed fast food TV advertising targeted at reducing fast food consumption among children.|
|What are the strengths of this policy?||Using taxes to increase prices can have an effect on the consumption of foods and beverages which may consequently lead to changes in weight. Since the law on taxes touches the point of manufacture, it is easy to implement and regulate consumption of such foods. Banning consumption of sugary products and advertisements for junk foods is an easier way to regulate than wait for people to consume and come up with requirements such as the waistline limitation as Japan did. This being a preventive measure is better than any proactive measure. Taxes of foods will also encourage consumption of nutritious foods. The after-school’s programs can also be effective for kids as it keeps them fit and busy (away from Television).|
|What are the weaknesses of this policy?||Imposing taxes on such foods and beverages may translate to a small margin in cases of obesity. Such initiatives are also bad for businesses as it implies killing manufactures of products like soda. It may also disadvantage consumers from ow economic status as they may not manage to buy sugar-free products known to b……*******|
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